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4th International Conference on Hypertension & Cardiac Health, will be organized around the theme “Hypertension and cardiac health response in the global COVID-19”

Hypertension Congress 2020 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Hypertension Congress 2020

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Hypertension Diagnosis, Risk Assessment, Prevention and Treatment

Hypertension  is the condition where the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated at a constant rate. This is also called as high blood pressure or high vital sign or blood vessel cardiovascular disease .This session principally covers the various sorts of cardiovascular disease and their assessment..

 The disease can be controlled by following a proper and healthy lifestyle. As per recommended by various doctors by having a healthy lifestyle, eating less salt in your regular diet, quitting smoking, consuming the limited amount of alcohol can help in curing the disease. In addition to this regular exercise will also help in controlling the disease. Drug treatments are available too for Hypertension. Various drugs are available in the market that allows the individual person to do that in which few are-Thiazide diuretics, Beta blockers, Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), Calcium channel blockers, Central-acting agents, Alpha blockers, Aldosterone antagonists.

 High blood pressure has several causative factors like age, race, case history and obesity, not being physically active, overwhelming tobacco, an excessive amount of salt (sodium) in diet, deficient Vitamin D in the diet, drinking an excessive amount of alcohol, stress and bound chronic conditions. Though high pressure is commonest in adults, youngsters are also in danger, too. For a few youngsters, high pressure is caused by issues with the kidneys or heart except for a growing variety of youngsters, poor fashion habits, like an unhealthy diet, fleshiness, physiological condition and lack of exercise contributes to high pressure


  • Track 1-1Tests for High Blood Pressure
  • Track 1-2Tools for Evaluating Hypertension
  • Track 1-3Multivariate risk assessment and risk score cards
  • Track 1-4Effects of risk assessment and management programme
  • Track 1-5Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Hypertension
  • Track 1-6Treatment methods: Life Style change, Various Drugs, Alternative therapies etc.
  • Track 1-7Medications: Anti-platelets, ACE inhibitors, Beta-blockers, Calcium channel blockers, Nitrates (Nitroglycerin), Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI or angioplasty with stent), Coronary artery bypass surgery etc.

Hypertension  Coronary Heart Disease & Stroke

Stressful situations can lead the blood to spike up temporarily but sometimes it may cause high blood pressure too. Research is still in progress to find out about it. According to some reports the change in the blood pressure behavior can be due to various habits like overeating, drinking or poor sleeping. It’s possible that health conditions related to stress like anxiety, depression and isolation from friends and family may lead to a heart disease but not to a high blood pressure condition. Some hormonal changes may damage your arteriess leading towards heart disease. According to National Health Interview Survey, almost 75% of the general population experiences some.



  • Track 2-1Stroke and coronary heart disease in mild hypertension
  • Track 2-2Risk of stroke & coronary heart disease among diabetic and nondiabetic patients
  • Track 2-3Coronary artery disease types: Obstructive, Non-obstructive, Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD)
  • Track 2-4Diagnosis methods: Angiography, Echocardiogram, Electrocardiogram (ECG/EKG), Stress test etc.

Therapies for Resistance Hypertension

Resistant hypertension is defined as blood pressure that remains above goal in spite of the concurrent use of 3 antihypertensive agents of different classes. This section talks about the Resistance Hypertension causes, diagnostics, treatments and controls ideally, one of the 3 agents should be a diuretic and all agents should be prescribed at optimal dose amounts. arbitrary in regard to the number of medications required, resistant hypertension is thus defined in order to identify patients who are at high risk of having reversible causes of hypertension and/or patients who, because of persistently high blood pressure levels, may benefit from special diagnostic and therapeutic considerations

  • Track 3-1Diagnosis and Management of Resistant Hypertension
  • Track 3-2Treatment of Resistant and Refractory Hypertension: Pharmacological Treatment & Nonpharmacological Therapies
  • Track 3-3Use of Spironolactone as the Fourth Agent for Treating RHTN
  • Track 3-4Treatment of Secondary Causes of Hypertension: Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Renal Artery Stenosis etc.

Hypertension Advanced Treatments Approaches

Treating high blood pressure can take a multi-pronged approach including diet changes, medication, and exercise. Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is dangerous because it can lead to strokes, heart attacks, heart failure, or kidney disease. The goal of  hypertension  treatment is to lower high blood pressure and protect important organs, like the brain, heart, and kidneys from damage.


  • Track 4-1New Drugs: Anti-Aldosterone Agents, Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists, Aldosterone Synthase Inhibitors, Activators of the Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme2/Angiotensin(1–7)/MAS Receptor Axis, Centrally Acting Aminopeptidase Inhibitors, Vasopeptidase I
  • Track 4-2Interventional Treatments: Renal Denervation, Baroreflex Activation Therapy, Carotid Body Ablation, Arteriovenous Fistula, Neurovascular Decompression, Renal Artery Stenting (Revascularization),
  • Track 4-3Re-purposing older drugs: mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists for treatment-resistant hypertension
  • Track 4-4Novel Approaches to Preeclampsia Treatment
  • Track 4-5Vaccines for Hypertension treatment

Hypertension and Obesity

Hypertension refers to the pressure that blood applies to the inner walls of the arteries. Obesity increases the chances of cardiovascular disease. The individual session in this focuses on obesity-related cardiovascular disease, its interaction with the outcomes of hypertension, risk factors, treatment and management of cardiovascular disease. Obesity-associated arterial hypertension is characterized by activation of the sympathetic system, activation of the renin-angiotensin system, and sodium retention, among different abnormalities




  • Track 5-1In-Home Blood Pressure Monitoring
  • Track 5-2Obesity-Related Hypertension: Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, and Clinical Management
  • Track 5-3Epidemiology of Obesity and Hypertension
  • Track 5-4Hypertension and Obesity: How Weight-loss Affects Hypertension

Hypertension – Stress and Stroke

Stressful situations can lead the blood to spike up temporarily but sometimes it may cause high blood pressure too. According to some reports the change in the blood pressure behavior can be due to various habits like overeating, drinking or poor sleeping. It’s possible that health conditions related to stress like anxiety, depression and isolation from friends and family may lead to a heart disease but not to a high blood pressure condition. Some hormonal changes may damage your arteries leading towards heart disease

  • Track 6-1Stress-induced blood pressure reactivity and incident stroke
  • Track 6-2Systolic Blood Pressure Response to Exercise Stress Test and Risk of Stroke
  • Track 6-3The Connection Between Stress and Stroke Risk
  • Track 6-4Stroke Prevention

Hypertension in Children and Adolescents

Hypertension and cardiovascular malady in grown-up life. Despite clear rules, there remains an absence of screening. Determination stays testing given the high rate of false-positive hypertension (BP) readings at a solitary visit; along these lines, different visits are required to affirm the analysis


  • Track 7-1Incidence of hypertension in childhood & Adolescence
  • Track 7-2Epidemiology of hypertension in all age group
  • Track 7-3Treatment and management of Pediatric & Adolescent Hypertension
  • Track 7-4Cardiovascular risk factors & complications
  • Track 7-5Pathophysiology of hypertension

Hypertension and Diabetes Treatment and Management

Hypertension can lead to many complications of Diabetes. Most people affected with Diabetes are more prone to suffer hypertension. Diabetes damages the arteries and make them targets for hardening (also called as atherosclerosis) and if it is not treated then it may also cause blood vessel damage, heart attack, and kidney failure too. In this section of the main we discuss about various types of Diabetes, risk factors that are involved into it, controlling hypertension in patients with Diabetes and Treatment

  • Track 8-1The link between diabetes and hypertension
  • Track 8-2Hypertension as a risk factor for complications of diabetes
  • Track 8-3Pharmacologic Management of Hypertension in Patients with Diabetes

Pulmonary Hypertension

Pulmonary Hypertension or PH is high blood pressure that affects the arteries in lungs and the right side of heart. In one form of pulmonary hypertension, tiny arteries in lungs and capillaries become narrowed, blocked or destroyed. This makes it harder for blood to flow through the lungs and thus raises pressure within lung walls. As the pressure builds, the heart's lower right chamber works harder to pump blood through lungs, eventually causing the heart muscle to fail. Some forms of pulmonary hypertension are serious conditions that become progressively worse and are sometimes fatal. This session mainly talks about the classification, signs, symptoms and treatments of the Pulmonary Hypertension.

  • Track 9-1Eisenmenger syndrome and pulmonary hypertension

Hypertension and Chronic Renal Failure

Renal hypertension also called as Reno vascular high blood pressure, is elevated pressure caused by nephrosis. It's a syndrome that consists of high pressure caused by the kidneys' secretion response to narrowing of the arteries activity the kidneys (renal artery stenosis). Once functioning properly this secretion axis regulates pressure. Due to low native blood flow, the kidneys erroneously increase pressure of the complete vascular system. It's a kind of secondary high blood pressure, a kind of hypertension whose cause is classifiable. This session mainly accounts for the assorted causes and symptoms of reno vascular high blood pressure, alongside of its pathological process, diagnosis and treatment.


Hypertension in Pregnancy

Gestational hypertension or pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) is that the development of recent cardiovascular disease in a every pregnant lady when twenty weeks gestation while not the presence of super molecule within the excretory product or different signs of Pre-eclampsia. It's a brief identification for hypertensive pregnant ladies who don't meet criteria for pre-eclampsia or chronic cardiovascular disease. The identification is modified to, pre-eclampsia, if symptom or new signs of end-organ pathology develop and chronic (primary or secondary) cardiovascular disease, if blood pressure elevation persists ≥12 weeks postnatal.

Hypertensive Retinopathy

Hypertensive retinopathy is retinal vascular damage caused by hypertension. Signs usually develop late in the disease. Funduscopic examination shows arteriolar constriction, arteriovenous nicking, vascular wall changes, flame-shaped hemorrhages, cotton-wool spots, yellow hard exudates, and optic disk edema. Treatment is directed at controlling blood pressure and, when vision loss occurs, treating the retina.


Hypertension and Sexual Dysfunction

The importance of recognizing erectile dysfunction in patients with hypertension and cardiovascular disease and to provide practical information about the management of erectile dysfunction in treated and untreated hypertensive patients. Blood pressure elevation per se is associated with an increased occurrence of erectile dysfunction, while successful blood pressure control is associated with erectile function benefits. Accumulating data indicate that antihypertensive drug therapy is associated with erectile dysfunction. Antihypertensive drugs have detrimental (diuretics, beta-blockers, centrally acting agents), neutral (calcium antagonists, ACE inhibitors) or potentially beneficial (angiotensin receptor blockers, nebivolol) effects on erectile function.


High Blood Pressure, Alcohol and Cardiovascular Risk

This is mainly  due to the interaction of smoking with blood pressure and other cardiovascular risk factor.High blood pressure markedly increases the risk of cerebrovascular disease, coronary heart disease ,and renal failure. While smoking  dramatically increases the risk of coronary heart disease ,peripheral vascular disease and to a lesser extent cerebrovascular disease.


Diet and Exercise for Hypertension and Cardiovascular Prevention

High blood pressure, which is also called hypertension, increases the risk of developing many serious health problems, including heart disease, stroke, and kidney disease. Evaluation and treatment of high blood pressure recommendations have defined “hypertension” as a BP of ≥140/90 mm Hg. The risk of cardiovascular disease in the patient with hypertension can be greatly reduced with effective antihypertensive therapy.


Cardiovascular Risk Profile and Antihypertensive Treatment

Blood pressure–lowering treatment reduces cardiovascula risk. However, individuals treated with antihypertensive medication had primarily worse prognosis for cardiovascular diseases than untreated hypertensive or normotensive population. Although the strong positive relationship between blood pressure level and cardiovascular disease risks were observed among general population, there is little argument as to the risk increase with elevation of blood pressure among treated participants.


Assessment of Preclinical Target Organ Damage in Hypertension

 In the natural history of hypertension, the compensatory increase in left ventricular mass ceases to be beneficial. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) becomes a preclinical disease and an independent risk factor for congestive heart failure, ischemic heart disease, arrhythmia, sudden death, and stroke. In addition to elevated BP, several mechanisms are involved, including body size, age, gender, race, fibrogenic cytokines, and neurohumoral factors, notably angiotensin II, which favor interstitial collagen deposition and perivascular fibrosis. These tissue changes are responsible for the insidious contractile dysfunction that is associated with LVH, consequent to decreased coronary reserve and altered diastolic ventricular filling and relaxation. The cardinal investigations are echocardiography and electrocardiography. All antihypertensive drugs regress LVH, notably those that act on the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, which also could target the detrimental tissue changes. Regression enhances systolic midwall performance, normalizes autonomic function, and restores coronary reserve.

Clinical trials in Hypertension patients & Clinical case Reports     

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, affects millions -- even children and teens. It is a common condition that catches up with most people who live into older age. The exact cause of hypertension is unknown, but there are several factors and conditions that may contribute to its occurrence. In USA about 82% of the total population is suffering from Hypertension.


Complications of uncontrolled hypertension

Complications of Uncontrolled Hypertension are clinical outcomes that result from persistent elevation of blood pressure. Hypertension is a risk factor for all clinical manifestations of atherosclerosis since it is a risk factor for atherosclerosis itself. It is an independent predisposing factor for heart failure, ,  kidney disease, and peripheral arterial disease. It is the most important risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, coronary artery disease, stroke in industrialized countries