3rd International Conference on Hypertension and Healthcare
University of Venda, School of Health Science
Title: Healthcare Literacy of Diabetic Mellitus Chronic Complications Among Diabetic Patients: A Rural South Africa Perspective.
Biography: Jeanette N Ramakuela
Problem Statement: Diabetic care is a lifelong responsibility, and careful management and early treatment strategies may reduce the risk of complications. A profound need for an improvement in the awareness of diabetes management and its complications in the primary healthcare sectors is a dire requirement. Inadequate health literacy can cause difficulties in understanding diabetic chronic complications. Individuals with poorer health literacy have difficulty interpreting medication warning labels, following directions on a prescription label and identifying their complications. Difficulties in understanding and performing health-related activities may ultimately lead to poorer health outcomes. The study intended to assess health literacy of diabetic mellitus chronic complications among diabetic patients at selected rural hospitals of South Africa.
This study employed a quantitative, typical descriptive, non-experimental approach using cross-sectional descriptive designs. Seven hospitals, 3 health Centres and 12 clinics were selected for the study. Whilst, the population were 259 diabetic patients in the province. Patients diagnosed with diabetes, above 18 years admitted between April –November 2016 in medical units of selected hospitals. A self-designed self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Data were analyzed using SPSS Version 20.0. Validity and reliability and ethical considerations were adhered to. Findings revealed that access to health services, treatment, and behavioral factors was found to challenge amongst diabetic patients and was perceived to be contributing to inadequate health literacy regarding diabetic complications. Conclusion & Significance: Patients with diabetic complications require adequate Knowledge and health services within their reach. Recommendations: the use of mobile clinics to provide services to remote villages, and home-care visits to diabetic patients in remote communities for continuing literacy.