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3rd International Conference On Hypertension and Healthcare, will be organized around the theme “Clinical strategies and trends in management of hypertension”

Hypertension Congress 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Hypertension Congress 2018

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Hypertension is the condition where the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated at a constant rate. This is also called as called as high blood pressure or high vital sign or blood vessel cardiovascular disease .This session principally covers the various sorts of cardiovascular disease and their assessment. There are two major categories of cardiovascular disease. The primary disease and the secondary disease. Almost 90-95 % of cases are primary and the main reason behind is the unhealthy lifestyles they follow which includes excess consumption of alcohol, salt, body weight etc. Remaining 5-10% of individuals suffer this due to narrowing of kidney arteries, chronic kidney diseases and endocrine disorder. Assessment of cardiovascular disease primarily includes: Confirmation of hypertension, Risk factors, Underlying causes, organ injury & Indications and contraindications for medication medicine. Hypertension could be a major risk issue for cardiopathy and stroke. The American Heart Association or the AHA estimated the direct and indirect costs of hypertension in 2010 were $76.6 billion. In United States of America, almost 80% of people with hypertension are aware of their condition, 71% take some antihypertensive medication, and only 48% of people aware of it. A 2015 review of several clinical studies on how vitamin D affects blood pressure showed that restoring blood vitamin D levels by using supplements (more than 1,000 IU per day) reduced blood pressure in hypertensive individuals when they had existing vitamin D deficiency . Globally cardiovascular disease accounts for approximately 17 million deaths a year, nearly one third of the total population. Out of these, complications of hypertension account for 9.4 million deaths worldwide every year.

  • Track 1-1Primary Hypertension
  • Track 1-2Secondary Hypertension
  • Track 1-3Isolated systolic Hypertension
  • Track 1-4Malignant Hypertension
  • Track 1-5Resistant Hypertension
  • Track 1-6Pathophysiology of Hypertension
  • Track 1-7Multiple risk management

Cardiac arrest can be defined as a sudden stop in effective blood flow due to the failure of the heart. It  is caused when the heart's electrical system malfunctions. The individual section in the session talks about all the related heart diseases. In cardiac arrest death results when the heart suddenly stops working properly. This may be caused by abnormal, or irregular, heart rhythms, cardiomyopathy(A thickened heart muscle), Heart medications, Electrical abnormalities, Electrical abnormalities, Recreational drug uses. Some symptoms for the arrest could be sudden loss of responsiveness, abnormal breathing, fainting, fatigue, blackouts, dizziness, chest pain, shortness of breath, weakness and vomiting. The most common cause for Cardiac arrest is the coronary heart disease . Coronary artery disease often results in coronary ischemia and ventricular fibrillation. Cases have shown that the most common finding at postmortem examination of SCD is chronic high-grade stenosis of at least one segment of a major coronary artery, the arteries that supply the heart muscle with its blood supply. Left ventricular hypertrophy is thought to be the leading cause of sudden cardiac death in the adult population. Each year, more than 350,000 emergency medical services-assessed out-of-hospital cardiac arrests occur in the United States.

  • Track 2-1Causes of Cardiac Arrest Due to Hypertension
  • Track 2-2Indications and Symptoms
  • Track 2-3Diagnostics for The Arrest
  • Track 2-4Treatment for Cardiac Arrest during Hypertension

Hypertension refers to the pressure that blood applies to the inner walls of the arteries. Obesity increases the chances of cardiovascular disease. The individual session in this focuses on obesity-related cardiovascular disease, its interaction with the outcomes of hypertension, risk factors, treatment and management of cardiovascular disease. Obesity-associated arterial hypertension is characterized by activation of the sympathetic system, activation of the renin-angiotensin system, and sodium retention, among different abnormalities. It's calculable that excess weight, accounted for about twenty sixth of cases of cardiovascular disease in men and twenty eighth in ladies, and for about twenty third of cases of coronary cardiovascular disease in men and 15 % in ladies. Obese people have a rise in adipose tissue that will increase their tube resistance and successively will increase the work the heart must do to pump blood throughout the body. Anti-hypertension medications ought to be started if hypertension is diagnosed. But, with weight-loss, a major fall in force per unit area could allow a decrease within the range of medicines taken or decrease the quantity of medication taken. Prevention would be better than any drug.

  • Track 3-1Obesity-associated Arterial Hypertension
  • Track 3-2Incidence of Hypertension and Obesity
  • Track 3-3Pathophysiology of Obesity-Related Hypertension
  • Track 3-4Interaction of Obesity With Consequences of Hypertension.
  • Track 3-5Prevention & Management of Weight Gain and Hypertension.
  • Track 3-6Therapies to treat obesity-related hypertension.

Hypertension can lead to many complications of Diabetes. Most people affected with Diabetes are more prone to suffer Hypertension. Diabetes damages the arteries and make them targets for hardening (also called as atherosclerosis) and if it is not treated then it may also cause blood vessel damage, heart attack, and kidney failure too. In this section of the main we discuss about various types of Diabetes , risk factors that are involved into it, controlling hypertension in patients with Diabetes and Treatment.

  • Track 4-1Classification of Diabetes
  • Track 4-2Risk factors for Diabetes
  • Track 4-3Treatment and Therapies.

Resistant hypertension is defined as blood pressure that remains above goal in spite of the concurrent use of 3 antihypertensive agents of different classes. This section talks about the Resistance Hypertension causes, diagnostics, treatments and controls ideally, one of the 3 agents should be a diuretic and all agents should be prescribed at optimal dose amounts. Although arbitrary in regard to the number of medications required, resistant hypertension is thus defined in order to identify patients who are at high risk of having reversible causes of hypertension and/or patients who, because of persistently high blood pressure levels, may benefit from special diagnostic and therapeutic considerations. As defined, resistant hypertension includes patients whose blood pressure is controlled with use of more than 3 medications. That is, patients whose blood pressure is controlled but require 4 or more medications to do so should be considered resistant to treatment.

  • Track 5-1Causes of Resistance Hypertension
  • Track 5-2Indications and Symptoms of Resistance Hypertension
  • Track 5-3Diagnosis and Treatment of Resistance Hypertension
  • Track 5-4Pharmacological and non-Pharmacological Treatments.

Renal hypertension also called as Reno vascular high blood pressure, is elevated pressure caused by nephrosis. It's a syndrome that consists of high pressure caused by the kidneys' secretion response to narrowing of the arteries activity the kidneys (renal artery stenosis). Once functioning properly this secretion axis regulates pressure. Due to low native blood flow, the kidneys erroneously increase pressure of the complete vascular system. It's a kind of secondary high blood pressure, a kind of hypertension whose cause is classifiable. This session mainly accounts for the assorted causes and symptoms of reno vascular high blood pressure, along side of its pathological process, diagnosis and treatment. High pressure is dangerous partially as a result of the patients usually don't expertise the symptoms, thus organ injury will occur slowly while not being recognized. Varied techniques are developed to diagnose excretory organ high blood pressure victimization digital image process of radiographs. Medications are used initial to manage high pressure in excretory organ high blood pressure. In some individuals with renal high blood pressure due to narrowing of the arteries, even taking 3 or a lot of medications each day might not adequately manage pressure. In these situations, a procedure like angioplasty or stenting, to improve blood flow to the kidneys can often help.

  • Track 6-1Indications and symptoms of Renal Hypertension
  • Track 6-2Pathogenesis of Renal Hypertension.
  • Track 6-3Diagnosis & treatment.
  • Track 6-4Risk factors for Renal Hypertension
  • Track 6-5Renal-artery angioplasty and stenting

Pulmonary hypertension or PH is high blood pressure that affects the arteries in lungs and the right side of heart. In one form of pulmonary hypertension, tiny arteries in lungs and capillaries become narrowed, blocked or destroyed. This makes it harder for blood to flow through the lungs and thus raises pressure within lung walls. As the pressure builds, the heart's lower right chamber works harder to pump blood through lungs, eventually causing the heart muscle to fail. Some forms of pulmonary hypertension are serious conditions that become progressively worse and are sometimes fatal. This session mainly talks about the classification, signs, symptoms and treatments of the Pulmonary Hypertension.

  • Track 7-1Classification of Pulmonary Hypertension.
  • Track 7-2Signs, symptoms and causes of Pulmonary Hypertension.
  • Track 7-3Diagnosis by Echocardiography
  • Track 7-4Treatment and Therapies.

Gestational hypertension or pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) is that the development of recent cardiovascular disease in a every pregnant lady when twenty weeks gestation while not the presence of super molecule within the excretory product or different signs of Pre-eclampsia. It's a brief identification for hypertensive pregnant ladies who don't meet criteria for pre-eclampsia or chronic cardiovascular disease. The identification is modified to, pre-eclampsia, if symptom or new signs of end-organ pathology develop and chronic (primary or secondary) cardiovascular disease, if blood pressure elevation persists ≥12 weeks postnatal.

The risk factors for Gestational hypertension comprise maternal causes like obesity, past history or adolescent maternity, multiple gestations, and case history. There's no specific treatment, however it's monitored closely to quickly establish pre-eclampsia and its grave complications. Drug treatment choices are restricted, as several medications might negatively have an effect on the craniate. Throughout Gestational hypertension ladies should be offered an integrated package of care, covering admission to hospital, treatment, activity of blood pressure, testing for symptom and blood tests.

There is no specific treatment for the disease but the pre-eclampsia is monitored closely. The dosage of the same is also kept to minimum or to limited.

  • Track 8-1Classification of Gestational Hypertension
  • Track 8-2Risk factors for Gestational Hypertension
  • Track 8-3Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia
  • Track 8-4Pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia
  • Track 8-5Management and Drug Treatment of Hypertension in pregnancy

Stressful situations can lead the blood to spike up temporarily but sometimes it may cause high blood pressure too. Research is still in progress to find out about it. According to some reports the change in the blood pressure behavior can be due to various habits like overeating, drinking or poor sleeping. It’s possible that health conditions related to stress like anxiety, depression and isolation from friends and family may lead to a heart disease but not to a high blood pressure condition. Some hormonal changes may damage your arteries leading towards heart disease. According to National Health Interview Survey, almost 75% of the general population experiences some stress every week. A stroke occurs when a blood vessel to the brain is either blocked by a clot or bursts, a part of the brain stops to get the required amount of blood and oxygen and hence it starts to die . Since the brain controls the entire body so it can threaten one’s ability to think, move and function. Hence Hypertension is the most prevalent and powerful modifiable risk factor for stroke. Persons with hypertension are about 3 or 4 times more likely to have a stroke. Hypertension remains the single most important modifiable risk factor for stroke, and the impact of hypertension and nine other risk factors together account for 90% of all strokes. The two major types of stroke include ischemic stroke (caused by blood clots), which accounts for 85% of strokes, and hemorrhagic stroke (bleeding in the brain), which accounts for 15% of strokes. Prevention of stroke is a major public health priority, but needs to be based on a clear understanding of the key preventable causes of stroke.

High blood pressure, which is also called hypertension, increases the risk of developing many serious health problems, including heart disease, stroke, and kidney disease. Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure recommendations have defined “hypertension” as a BP of ≥140/90 mm Hg. The risk of cardiovascular disease in the patient with hypertension can be greatly reduced with effective antihypertensive therapy. Maintaining normal body weight, following a proper diet plan, exercising regularly, avoiding high-sodium content foods, limited alcohol consumption and appropriate medications as prescribed by the doctor may lead to a controlled and manageable blood pressure account. Also monitoring the blood pressure regularly may prevent hypertension and reduce the risk of high blood pressure-related health problems.

  • Track 10-1Etiology of renal failure

High blood pressure can be cured. The disease can be controlled by following a proper and healthy lifestyle. As per recommended by various doctors by having a healthy lifestyle, eating less salt in your regular diet, quitting smoking, consuming limited amount of alcohol can help in curing the disease. In addition to this regular exercise will also help in controlling the disease. Drug treatments are available too for Hypertension. Various drugs are available in market that allow the individual person to do that in which few are--  Thiazide diuretics, Beta blockers, Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), Calcium channel blockers, Central-acting agents, Alpha blockers, Aldosterone antagonists.

  • Track 11-1 Pharmacology and toxicology of antihypertensive drugs

Treating high blood pressure can take a multi-pronged approach including diet changes, medication, and exercise. Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is dangerous because it can lead to strokes, heart attacks, heart failure, or kidney disease. The goal of hypertension treatment is to lower high blood pressure and protect important organs, like the brain, heart, and kidneys from damage. Treatment for hypertension has been associated with reductions in stroke (reduced an average of 35%-40%), heart attack (20%-25%), and heart failure (more than 50%), according to research.                           Because hypertension rarely causes specific symptoms, it is not identified until an individual’s blood pressure is measured by a physician or it causes a catastrophic complication such as stroke or heart attack. Accurate diagnosis by blood pressure measurement is essential. Many advanced treatment approaches and medications have been established for the treatment and management of hypertension that may describe this session.

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, affects millions -- even children and teens. It is a common condition that catches up with most people who live into older age. The exact cause of hypertension is unknown, but there are several factors and conditions that may contribute to its occurrence. In USA about 82% of the total population is suffering from Hypertension.

Few reports are given below:

      

Age-adjusted awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension among adults with hypertension: United States, 2009–2012(Source : World Health Organisation)

     

Global Report on Hypertension(Source : World Health Organisation)

 

         

Projected Mortality Trend from 2008 to 2030 for Major Communicable and Non-Communicable Diseases(Source : World Health Organisation)

High blood pressure has several causative factors like age, race, case history and obesity, not being physically active, overwhelming tobacco, an excessive amount of salt (sodium) in diet, deficient VitaminD in diet, drinking an excessive amount of alcohol, stress and bound chronic conditions. Though high pressure is commonest in adults, youngsters are also in danger, too. For a few youngsters, high pressure is caused by issues with the kidneys or heart except for a growing variety of youngsters, poor fashion habits, like an unhealthy diet, fleshiness, physiological condition and lack of exercise contributes to high pressure. Certain diseases and medications are specific causes of high pressure. Cardiovascular disease represents the leading reason for morbidity and mortality in Western countries, and hypertension-related vessel events have an effect on regarding 37 million individuals annually, worldwide. During this perspective, hypertensive patients are at hyperbolic risk to expertise vessel events throughout life-long period, and treatment of high pressure represents one among the foremost effective ways to cut back cardiovascular risk.

  • Track 14-1Global Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Track 14-2Multiple Risk Assessment
  • Track 14-3Controllable risk factors
  • Track 14-4Uncontrollable risk factors
  • Track 14-5Medical risk factors