Day 1 :
President of Trisguide ltd Japan
Masahiro Onuma has expertise in oxidative disease prevention to use non-medical product based on GSK’s experience of Allopurinol which is the strongest anti-oxidant efficacy in this world. He creates new indication of Allopurinol for stomatitis induced by cancer treatment which was approved by the Japanese Cancer treatment committee to propose new mechanism of Allopurinol for anti-oxidant. And now, there are so many new research papers of Allopurinol in the world.
Oxidative stress means a state there is imbalance between the oxidizing action and the reducing action due to reactive oxygen species (ROS) in a living body, resulting in the oxidizing action becoming dominant. Oxidative stress arises as the balance between production and removal is disrupted through excessive production of ROS and impairment of the antioxidant system. Oxidative stress has been reported to be involved in the onset and progress of various diseases. Characteristics of Type 2 diabetes are insulin secretion failure and insulin resistance, but it seems that oxidative stress is greatly involved in insulin secretion failure. In the insulin secretion-inducing β cells of Langerhans islets in the pancreas, the amount of superoxide dismutase (SOD), which is representative of the ROS elimination system, is small and resistance to oxidative stress is considered to be weak. Regarding cancer, it is well known that chronic inflammatory conditions increase the risk of carcinogenesis. Cells such as neutrophils and macrophages are activated in the inflammation area leading to increase in production of active oxygen and nitric oxide. These free radicals cause DNA mutation and cell proliferation thereby promoting cancer development. When chronic inflammation is present, cancer develops more easily.
Electronic water, which was developed to generate electron in water, was consumed for three weeks, after meals, between meals and before sleeping 6 times a day, and according to the test subjects' possible time periods. The amount of drinking water was 750-1000 mL, and BAP and d-ROMs checks for all cases were carried out at 4:30 pm. The results of cancer patients and diabetes patients were seen as attached.
As a result, the d-ROMs value in the degree of oxidative stress has reduced, and the BAP value, which is an indicator of plasma antioxidant capacity, has improved significantly.
University of Venda, School of Health Science
Keynote: Healthcare Literacy of Diabetic Mellitus Chronic Complications Among Diabetic Patients: A Rural South Africa Perspective.
Time : 10 :15- 11:30 A.M
Nditsheni J Ramakuela is a healthcare Professional who specialized in community health care and sexuality of women. Her PhD Model is entitled “A MODEL TO FACILITATE WOMEN’S COPING WITH MENOPAUSE”. Her model is being utilised by rural community based women to help cope with menopausal challenges they encounter. She is also a lecturer in the university providing teaching and learning to undergraduate students while supervising research to both masters and PhD students and other postgraduate students from other universities from outside. She has more than 20 year’s clinical and teaching experience from the hospitals, clinic, college and university. Through her experience she developed passion for general nursing conditions and disorders and currently facilitating such to 3rd level undergraduate students at University of Venda. She is an active researcher who publishers papers every year in accredited journals and receive excellence in research awards yearly. Travels in and around the country to present scientific research papers at national and international conferences. She also empowers rural community women with reproductive health issues.
Problem Statement: Diabetic care is a lifelong responsibility, and careful management and early treatment strategies may reduce the risk of complications. A profound need for an improvement in the awareness of diabetes management and its complications in the primary healthcare sectors is a dire requirement. Inadequate health literacy can cause difficulties in understanding diabetic chronic complications. Individuals with poorer health literacy have difficulty interpreting medication warning labels, following directions on a prescription label and identifying their complications. Difficulties in understanding and performing health-related activities may ultimately lead to poorer health outcomes. The study intended to assess health literacy of diabetic mellitus chronic complications among diabetic patients at selected rural hospitals of South Africa.
This study employed a quantitative, typical descriptive, non-experimental approach using cross-sectional descriptive designs. Seven hospitals, 3 health Centres and 12 clinics were selected for the study. Whilst, the population were 259 diabetic patients in the province. Patients diagnosed with diabetes, above 18 years admitted between April –November 2016 in medical units of selected hospitals. A self-designed self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Data were analyzed using SPSS Version 20.0. Validity and reliability and ethical considerations were adhered to. Findings revealed that access to health services, treatment, and behavioral factors was found to challenge amongst diabetic patients and was perceived to be contributing to inadequate health literacy regarding diabetic complications. Conclusion & Significance: Patients with diabetic complications require adequate Knowledge and health services within their reach. Recommendations: the use of mobile clinics to provide services to remote villages, and home-care visits to diabetic patients in remote communities for continuing literacy.